DHAKA, Bangladesh (AP) — The fire alarm: Waved off by managers. An exit door: Locked. The fire extinguishers: Not working and apparently ‘‘meant just to impress’’ inspectors and customers.
That is the picture survivors paint of the garment-factory fire Saturday that killed 112 people who were trapped inside or jumped to their deaths in desperation. For Bangladesh, where such factories commonly ignore safety as they rush to produce for retailers around the world, the tragedy was unusual only in scope: More than 200 people have died in garment-factory fires in the country since 2006.
About 15,000 Bangladeshi workers protested blocks from the gutted fire Monday, demanding justice for the victims and improved safety. Some 200 factories were closed for the day after the protest erupted in Savar, a suburb of Dhaka, the capital.
Protesters blocked a major highway, and some threw stones at factories and smashed vehicles, but there were no arrests and no clashes with police.
Maj. Mohammad Mahbub, fire department operations director, said investigators suspect that a short circuit caused the fire at the factory, which was making T-shirts and polo shirts.
But the Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers Association urged investigators not to rule out sabotage.
‘‘Local and international conspirators are trying to destroy our garment industry,’’ said Shafiul Islam Mohiuddin, president of the association. He provided no details.
Mahbub said it was not the fire itself but the lack of safety measures in the eight-story building that made the blaze so deadly.
‘‘Had there been at least one emergency exit through outside the factory, the casualties would have been much lower,’’ he said.
He said firefighters recovered at least 100 bodies from the factory, and 12 more people died at hospitals after jumping from the building to escape the fire.
The government was unable to identify many victims because they were burned beyond recognition; they were buried Monday in a grave outside Dhaka. The government announced that Tuesday will be a day of national mourning, with the national flag flying at half-mast in honor of the dead.
Local media reported that up to 124 people were killed, and that about 100 people injured in the fire were being treated in about a dozen hospitals. Many were hurt as they jumped to escape the flames.
Survivor Mohammad Ripu said Monday that he tried to run out of the building when the fire alarm rang but was stopped.
‘‘Managers told us, ‘Nothing happened. The fire alarm had just gone out of order. Go back to work,'’’ Ripu said. ‘‘But we quickly understood that there was a fire. As we again ran for the exit point we found it locked from outside, and it was too late.’’
Ripu said he jumped from a second-floor window and suffered minor injuries.
Another surviving worker, Yeamin, who uses only one name, said fire extinguishers in the factory didn’t work, ‘‘So these were meant just to impress the buyers or authority.’’
TV footage showed a team of investigators finding some unused fire extinguishers inside the factory.
The garment-factory fire was Bangladesh’s deadliest in recent memory, but there have been several major factory fires in recent years, including one that killed 63 people in 2006 in southern Chittagong town.
Labor leaders hope outrage over the latest disaster will prompt change. Tahmina Rahman, general secretary of the Bangladesh Garment Workers Federation, says the group wants the government to work harder to punish factories for safety lapses.
‘‘The owners go unpunished and so they don’t care about installing enough security facilities,’’ she said. ‘‘The owners should be held responsible and sent to jail.’’
The factory in Saturday’s blaze is owned by Tazreen Fashions Ltd., a subsidiary of the Tuba Group that has produced clothing for Wal-Mart, at least in the past. Neither Tazreen nor Tuba Group officials could be reached for comment.
The Tuba Group is a major Bangladeshi garment exporter whose clients include Wal-Mart, Carrefour and IKEA, according to its website. Its factories export garments to the U.S., Germany, France, Italy and the Netherlands, among other countries. The Tazreen factory, which opened in 2009 and employed about 1,700 people, made polo shirts, fleece jackets and T-shirts.
Tazreen was given a ‘‘high risk’’ safety rating after a May 16, 2011, audit conducted by an ‘‘ethical sourcing’’ assessor for Wal-Mart, according to a document posted on the Tuba Group’s website. It did not specify what led to the rating. Continued...